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Injury - Traumatic Brain Injury Deaths

Summary Indicator Report Data View Options

Traumatic Brain Injury Deaths by County, New Mexico, 2017-2019

Why Is This Important?

In 2013, traumatic brain injuries (TBI), which can lead to death or permanent disability, contributed to 2.8 million emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths nationwide. Furthermore, rates of TBI-related emergency department visits in the United States increased by 47% between 2007-2013. The leading causes of TBI are falls, followed by being struck by or against an object, and then motor vehicle crashes.


The number of traumatic brain injury deaths per 100,000 population According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as "a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury." The data were compiled using the following ICD-10 codes in any of the multiple cause of death fields: S01 (open wound of the head); S02.0, S02.1, S02.3, S02.7-S02.9 (fracture of the skull and facial bones); S04.0 (injury to optic nerve and pathways); S06 (intracranial injury); S07.0, S07.1, S07.8, S07.9 (crushing injury of head); S09.7-S09.9 (other unspecified injuries of head); T01.0 (open wounds involving head with neck); T02.0 (fractures involving head with neck); T04.0 (crushing injuries involving head with neck); T06.0 (injuries of brain and cranial nerves with injuries of nerves and spinal cord at neck level); T90.1, T90.2, T90.4, T90.5, T90.8, T90.9 (sequelae of injuries of head)

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program.

How the Measure is Calculated

Numerator:The number deaths with a multiple cause of traumatic brain injury during the measurement period
Denominator:The mid-year estimated population

More Resources

Taylor CA, Bell JM, Breiding MJ, Xu L. Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths, United States, 2007 and 2013. MMWR Surveill Summ 2017;66(No. SS-9):1-16. DOI: Coronado VG, Xu L, Basavaraju SV, et al. Surveillance for Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Deaths, United States, 1997-2007. MMWR Surveillance Summaries 2011;60(SS05);1-32.

Indicator Data Last Updated On 10/19/2018, Published on 11/27/2020
Injury Epidemiology Unit, Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, 1190 S. Saint Francis Drive, Room N1105, P.O. Box 26110, Santa Fe, NM, 87502. Contact Garry Kelley, Senior Injury Epidemiologist, by telephone at (505) 827-0726 or email to