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Mental Health - Adult Depression

Summary Indicator Report Data View Options

In 2016, the NM prevalence of Current Depression was 9.8%. Since 2011, the NM prevalence has remained relatively stable.
The prevalence of current depression was not meaningfully different between males and females. The prevalence of current depression was significantly greater for men ages 18-24 years compared to those 65 years and older, while, among women, the prevalence of current depression was significantly greater for those ages 25-64 years compared to those 65 years and older.

Current Depression by County, Adults Aged 18+, New Mexico, 2016

Rates of depression did not vary meaningfully by race/ethnicity.
Rates of depression did not vary meaningfully among males and females by race/ethnicity.
Respondents who identified as gay, lesbian or bisexual were nearly three times more likely to be currently depressed (25.9%) compared with those who identified as straight (9.3%).

Current Depression by Health Region, Adults Aged 18+, New Mexico, 2016

Current Depression by Urban and Rural Counties, Adults Aged 18+, New Mexico, 2016

Why Is This Important?

Depression is one of the most prevalent and treatable mental disorders. Major depression is usually associated with co-morbid mental disorders, such as anxiety and substance use disorders, and impairment of a person's ability to function in work, home, relationship, and social roles. Depression is also a risk factor for suicide and attempted suicide. In addition, depressive disorders have been associated with an increased prevalence of chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, asthma, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, and obesity.


Percentage of NM residents 18 years or older who screened positive for current depression in the two weeks prior to taking a phone survey. The Anxiety and Depression Module, included as a state-added module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2011 and 2016, comprises the first eight questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), an instrument that can establish a provisional depressive disorder diagnosis using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. These eight questions ask how many days over the past two weeks the respondents experienced each of the eight symptoms. The number of days during which symptoms were reported were converted to points; the number of points were then summed across the 8 questions to determine the severity of depressive symptoms. A cut-off score of 10 points or more was used to define current depression.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

How the Measure is Calculated

Numerator:Number of survey respondents who reported a total of 10 depressive symptom-days or more within the two weeks prior to survey.
Denominator:Number of survey respondents excluding those with missing, "Don't know/Not sure," and "Refused" responses.

How Are We Doing?

In 2016, 9.8% of NM residents 18 years or older screened positive for current depression.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

According to results of the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 6.7% of U.S. residents 18 years and older experienced a major depressive episode in the past year.

What Is Being Done?

The Department of Health Epidemiology and Response Division conducts ongoing surveillance for indicators of mental health among students and adults in every county of New Mexico. The Human Services Department recently modernized the New Mexico Medicaid system by integrating physical and behavioral health services in the Centennial Care program, which will help treat an individual in a more holistic manner.

Evidence-based Practices

For reviews of evidence-based practices, please see: -US Preventive Services Task Force: -Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Community Guide: -Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices:

Other Objectives

Substance Abuse Epidemiology Report Indicator Mental Health Report Indicator

Available Services

To talk to a counselor or ask questions about treatment 24/7, call the New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474) If you would like to seek treatment, please contact: -Network of Care for Behavioral Health [] -SAMHSA Treatment Referral Helpline: 1-800-662-HELP (4357), also online at [] -The SKY Center []: 1-505-473-6191 -New Mexico Social Service Resource Directory []: 1-800-432-2080 -SHARE New Mexico Resource Directory: [] -United Way Central New Mexico Referral Service []: 505-245-1735 Resources for veterans and their families: [] To join a support group organized by Optum Health, please register at: []

More Resources

To learn more about BRFSS, please visit:

Health Program Information

The BRFSS is an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (landline only from 1986 through 2010; landline and cellular since 2011).

Indicator Data Last Updated On 03/30/2018, Published on 05/09/2022
Mental Health Epidemiology, Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, 1190 S. Saint Francis Drive, Room N1320, P.O. Box 26110, Santa Fe, NM, 87502. Contact: telephone at (575) 652-0749 or email to