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Why Is This Important?
Single parenthood is associated with poor health outcomes for parents and children. Single parents are more likely to experience socio-economic risk factors like: lower educational attainment, higher unemployment, and lower wage jobs. Single parenthood is related to increased stress and depression, risk factors for poor physical health. In the US single parenthood disproportionately affects women. Nationally, in 2016, of the 11 million single-parent families, 8.5 million are headed by a single mother (1). Single parenthood is associated with adverse effects on children's achievement in school, emotional, psychological and physical health, and future economic success.
Family households headed by a single female adult as a percentage of all New Mexico households. 2015-2019 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate. Family Households: A family consists of a householder and one or more other people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption.
Data SourceU.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
How the Measure is Calculated
|Numerator:||Estimated number of households that are family households headed by a single female adult.|
|Denominator:||Estimated total number of New Mexico households.|
(1) [https://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2016/cb16-192.html The Majority of Children Live With Two Parents, Census Bureau Reports] Amato, P., Bruce, K.. Parental Divorce and Adult Well-being: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 1991;53:43-58. Amato, P., Sobolewski, J.. The Effects of Divorce and Marital Discord on Adult Children's Psychological Well-Being. American Sociological Review. 2001;66:900-921. Atkins, R. Self‐efficacy and the promotion of health for depressed single mothers. Ment Health Fam Med. 2010 Sep; 7(3): 155-168. Scharte M, Bolte G; GME Study Group. Increased health risks of children with single mothers: the impact of socio-economic and environmental factors. Eur J Public Health. 2013 Jun;23(3):469-75. [https://www.census.gov/topics/families.html US Census Bureau, Families and Living Arrangements] Taylor, Z. Larsen-Rife, D., Conger, R., Widaman, K., Cutrona, C. Life Stress, Maternal Optimism, and Adolescent Competence in Single Mother, African American Families. J Fam Psychol. 2010 Aug; 24(4): 468-477.