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Traumatic Brain Injury Deaths by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 1999 to 2019

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Why Is This Important?

In 2013, traumatic brain injuries (TBI), which can lead to death or permanent disability, contributed to 2.8 million emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths nationwide. Furthermore, rates of TBI-related emergency department visits in the United States increased by 47% between 2007-2013. The leading causes of TBI are falls, followed by being struck by or against an object, and then motor vehicle crashes.

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The number of traumatic brain injury deaths per 100,000 population According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as "a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury." The data were compiled using the following ICD-10 codes in any of the multiple cause of death fields: S01 (open wound of the head); S02.0, S02.1, S02.3, S02.7-S02.9 (fracture of the skull and facial bones); S04.0 (injury to optic nerve and pathways); S06 (intracranial injury); S07.0, S07.1, S07.8, S07.9 (crushing injury of head); S09.7-S09.9 (other unspecified injuries of head); T01.0 (open wounds involving head with neck); T02.0 (fractures involving head with neck); T04.0 (crushing injuries involving head with neck); T06.0 (injuries of brain and cranial nerves with injuries of nerves and spinal cord at neck level); T90.1, T90.2, T90.4, T90.5, T90.8, T90.9 (sequelae of injuries of head)

Data Notes

Rates have been age-adjusted using the direct method and the 2000 U.S. standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program.

How the Measure is Calculated

Numerator:The number deaths with a multiple cause of traumatic brain injury during the measurement period
Denominator:The mid-year estimated population

Data Issues

  • Death Certificate Data

    Death certificate information is submitted electronically by funeral directors, who obtain demographic information from an informant, a close family member of the decedent. The NMDOH Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS) does annual trainings for funeral directors and local registrars and the death certificate information goes through extensive scrutiny for completeness and consistency. The cause of death is certified by the decedent's physician or the physician that attended the death. Accidental and suspicious deaths are certified by the Office of the Medical Investigator. When death certificates are received the cause of death literals are keyed into software locally by the BVRHS, then shipped to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) where they are machine coded into ICD-10 cause-of-death codes. NCHS returns the ICD-10 codes to BVRHS where the death records are updated.

  • New Mexico Population Estimates

    All population estimates apply to July 1 of the selected year. These estimates are considered the most accurate estimates for the state of New Mexico and should match those found on the University of New Mexico Geospatial and Population Studies website. Estimates include decimal fractions. Census tract population estimates were summed to produce County and Small Area population estimates. Population estimate totals may vary due to rounding. Population estimates for previous years are occasionally revised as new information becomes available. When publishing trend data, always be sure that your rates for earlier years match current rates on NM-IBIS that have been calculated with the most up-to-date population estimates.

Health Topic Pages Related to: Injury - Traumatic Brain Injury Deaths

Community Health Resources and Links

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Indicator Data Last Updated On 10/19/2018, Published on 11/27/2020
Injury Epidemiology Unit, Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health, 1190 S. Saint Francis Drive, Room N1105, P.O. Box 26110, Santa Fe, NM, 87502. Contact Garry Kelley, Senior Injury Epidemiologist, by telephone at (505) 827-0726 or email to