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Why Is This Important?
Syphilis was on the verge of elimination in 2000. Since 2012, the number of cases of primary and secondary syphilis, which is the most infectious, in New Mexico has steadily increased (following national trends), especially in the MSM (males who have sex with males) population. By 2017, 90% of all reported primary and secondary syphilis cases were male. Of those, 85% of cases were MSM. By 2018, the percentage of cases of MSM had decreased to 74% and by 2020, it decreased to 54%. In 2018, the percentage of women comprising syphilis cases was 15%, and by 2020 it increased to 30%, for all age groups. This has significant implications for the transmission from mother to infant. Congenital syphilis has increased from 1 case in 2017 to 26 cases in 2019 and then 43 cases in 2020. Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics; however, if left untreated for more than a year, it can eventually lead to paralysis, numbness, dementia, and death.
Syphilis cases reported in the state of New Mexico per 100,000 population. Primary and Secondary syphilis cases only are counted for graph by year comparing US and New Mexico case rates. All other graphs select primary, secondary, and early latent cases.
- U.S. Data Source: Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program.
- Patient Reporting Investigating Surveillance Manager, Infectious Disease Bureau, New Mexico Department of Health
How the Measure is Calculated
Numerator:Number of cases of syphilis reported to the state of New Mexico (and Centers for Disease Control) in New Mexico residents from all health care providers.